settlement agreements with various insurance companies and
the German Foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility, and Future"
provided for funds to be made available for humanitarian purposes
related to the Holocaust. Some of the funds were available
immediately upon settlement. Additional funds became available
through the passage of time or at the conclusion of claims
processing and payment.
humanitarian funds were used for two broad categories of expenditures:
payments on certain "humanitarian" claims, and funding of
social welfare and education programs.
claims processes were funded from the ICHEIC humanitarian
humanitarian claims process (known as the 8a1 process for
the section of the Memorandum of Understanding relating to
this program) evaluated claims containing only anecdotal evidence
referencing a Holocaust-era insurance policy, and for which
no supporting documentation could be found. Payments of $1,000
were made on a per-claimant basis on claims that qualified
for an award under this category. These payments are a symbolic
acknowledgement of the fact that many claims cannot be substantiated
today due to the ravages of war and the passage of time. ICHEIC
made 31,284 offers totaling $31.28 million under the 8a1 process.
humanitarian claims process (known as the 8a2 process) covered
claims on companies that were liquidated or nationalized after
World War II and for which no present-day successor company
could be identified. Awards in this humanitarian claims process
were calculated in accordance with the ICHEIC Valuation Guidelines
and were based on documentation submitted by claimants or
discovered by ICHEIC through its research in European archives.
ICHEIC made 2,874 offers totaling $30.54 million under this
to these two humanitarian claims processes, humanitarian funds
were used for special cases within the main claims process.
These cases included top-up payments to raise the total payment
on a policy to the minimum payment amount set by ICHEIC, as
well as payments on policies previously paid into a blocked
Welfare and Education Programs
that have a mandate to allocate humanitarian funds received
from restitution programs struggle with the proper balance
of funding welfare programs for needy Nazi victims versus
programs which goals are Holocaust remembrance, education
or strengthening Jewish identity through exposure to the rich
history and tradition of the Jewish culture, particularly
that of the European Jews in the early 1900s. After much discussion
and consideration, ICHEIC concluded that it was best to address
the merits of each humanitarian program as presented, instead
of a formulaic approach for the distribution of funds to social
welfare versus other Holocaust related causes.
of the funds available for humanitarian purposes, other than
the funds used to pay humanitarian claims awards, were designated
to benefit needy Holocaust victims worldwide. However, it
was ICHEIC's view that allocating some amount of humanitarian
funds to support the strengthening of Jewish culture and heritage
in recognition that the Nazis attempted to eradicate Jewish
culture as well as the Jewish people, was a legitimate way
of memorializing those Holocaust victims who did not survive.
and distribution of funds for the programs sponsored by ICHEIC
were outsourced to the Claims Conference.
Welfare for Needy Holocaust Victims
ICHEIC made a commitment to fund $132 million in social welfare
benefits, including home care, for needy Jewish victims of
Nazi persecution worldwide. The humanitarian funds received
from the German Foundation "Remembrance, Responsibility, and
Future" was the source of funding for this program.
initial commitment of $132 million will be disbursed over
a seven year period, from 2003 to 2009. In March 2007, an
additional $14 million of ICHEIC funds were committed to this
program and will be fully disbursed by 2010.
ICHEIC approved a pilot project to link university students
with local Holocaust survivors in a program of home visits.
The ICHEIC Service Corps provides service to those affected
by the Holocaust and educational opportunities for the students
to learn about the Holocaust. It also serves to strengthen
Jewish identity and leadership in the undergraduate population
by providing an opportunity to interact with the dwindling
population of survivors.
is run by Hillel in New York City and by the University of
Miami in Miami, Florida. It was launched in the fall semester
will continue to be funded by ICHEIC through the 2009/10 academic
year. In total, $1.8 million was committed to this program.
to Bring Jewish Cultural Literacy to Youth in the Former Soviet
initiative, developed and administered by the Jewish Agency
for Israel ("Jewish Agency") focuses on providing local FSU
youth with an intensive multi-year two-week camping experience.
The vast majority of the one million Jews who remain in the
FSU today suffer from a lack of basic knowledge of their Jewish
culture and heritage. On the whole, they are unaware of the
Jewish life that thrived in the area before the Holocaust,
and thus less equipped to forge their own Jewish identity
and respond to growing external threats such as anti-Semitism.
Although it is estimated that there are thousands of Holocaust
survivors in the FSU today, their personal histories are unknown
to the younger FSU generation. These survivors are a critical
resource in educating about modern Jewish history and a rich
source of Jewish knowledge and memory. They can play a critical
role in giving FSU Jewish youth the building blocks of basic
Jewish literacy and identification.
for building basic Jewish literacy for FSU youth through Holocaust
education and awareness focuses on three educational components:
about pre-Holocaust Jewish communities in Eastern Europe as
a means of building basic familiarity with Jewish culture
personal relationships with Holocaust survivors to learn about
the Holocaust and Jewish survival, and to solidify Jewish
identification and commitment.
Jewish and Israeli culture as a means of helping youth develop
their own form of Jewish expression.
was carried out in St. Petersburg during the summers of 2004
and 2005. The 2006 summer program was expanded to Moscow and
in 2007 to Kiev. The three locations will serve about 1,800
children each summer. ICHEIC funding for the program is expected
to extend through the summer of 2012. ICHEIC committed over
$12 million to this program.
Program for Holocaust Education in Europe
program, created and carried out by Yad Vashem, focuses on
Holocaust education in Europe, with the goals of preserving
the memory of the Holocaust and imbuing new generations with
its lessons, as well as combating a new rise in anti-Semitism.
seeks to create an active network of inter-European Holocaust
educators which meets, communicates, studies and works together
to promote Holocaust education through local initiatives.
Its goal is to widen the circle of qualified Holocaust educators
throughout Europe who will support and implement educational
which began in March 2005, will continue to be funded by ICHEIC
through at least 2020. ICHEIC committed over $12 million to
of the Living
provided a one-time grant of $500,000 to The March of the
Living (MOL) in 2005. The MOL brings participants to Poland
once a year for a symbolic march from Auschwitz to Birkenau
to honor those who perished in the Holocaust. It is designed
to educate Jewish youth about the crimes of the Nazis, and
seeks to ensure that such destruction never happens again.
The 2005 march commemorated the 60th anniversary of the Allied
victory in the Second World War in Europe.